Although Herodian's book does not survive in full, an epitome (abridgement) was made of it around AD 400 which still survives. Diacritic signs were not used in the classical period (5th–4th century BC).They were gradually introduced from the 2nd century BC onwards, but did not become commonly used in manuscripts until after 600 AD.The distinction in Greek between circumflex and acute accent appears to be a Greek development, and does not go back to Proto-Indo-European.'man', the first syllable was pronounced on a higher pitch than the others, but not necessarily any louder.In the classical period (5th–4th century BC) word accents were not indicated in writing, but from the 2nd century BC onwards various diacritic marks were invented, including an acute, circumflex, and grave accent, which indicated a high pitch, a falling pitch, and a low or semi-low pitch respectively.The written accents were used only sporadically at first, and did not come into common use until after 600 AD.But in When combined with a rough or smooth breathing, the circumflex goes on top of the breathing, while the acute is written to the right of the smooth breathing and to the left of a rough breathing, as in the above examples.
Sometime between the 2nd and 4th centuries AD the distinction between acute, grave, and circumflex disappeared and all three accents came to be pronounced as a stress accent, generally heard on the same syllable as the pitch accent in ancient Greek.The ancient Greek grammarians indicated the word-accent with three diacritic signs: the acute (ά), the circumflex (ᾶ), and the grave (ὰ).The acute was the most commonly used of these; it could be found on any of the last three syllables of a word.In verbs the accent is generally predictable and has a grammatical rather than a lexical function, that is, it differentiates different parts of the verb rather than distinguishing one verb from another.Finite parts of the verb usually have recessive accent, but in some tenses participles, infinitives, and imperatives are non-recessive.One of the final three syllables of an Ancient Greek word carried an accent.Each syllable contains a vowel with one or two vocalic morae, and one mora in a word is accented; the accented mora was pronounced at a higher pitch than other morae.At most, it is a reliable source of advice for women who want to improve their chances with the opposite sex."My boyfriend broke up with me because of X, Y or Z reason.I've dated countless women and it has always amazed me how little they know about men.If nothing else, this blog is an outlet for voicing my astonishment at the typical female's ignorance of the male mindset.