Alkaloids are often regarded as end-products of plant metabolism, which may have evolved as protection against herbivores.Aluminium foil method A type of reductive amination that requires little equipment. P2P, PMK) is reacted in ethanol with aluminium metal pieces, an amine and a mercuric chloride catalyst.Base A nitrogenous substance, sometimes known as an alkaloid when derived from plant material, which reacts with acids to form a salt.Many bases are insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents.It is one of the most potent hallucinogens being active at 1–3 mg oral doses.DOB is a selective agonist of serotonin receptor subtypes, especially 5-HT, in the brain, but is also a strong vasoconstrictor at the periphery.
The smaller the constant, the more tightly bound the ligand is, and the higher the affinity between ligand and receptor.
Ecstasy Originally used to describe MDMA, but since generalised to describe a wide range of substituted phenethylamines and, less precisely, certain unrelated substances.
Ehrlich’s reagent A field test reagent consisting of 4-(dimethylamino)benzaldehyde, ethanol and hydrochloric acid.
Bufotenine Indole alkaloid commonly found in skin (parotid) glands of Bufo alvarius: Colorado river toad and Bufo marinus: cane toad.
Also present in the seeds and leaves of Piptadenia peregrina and Piptadenia macrocarpa (found in the Chinese preparation Yixin Wan, Kyushin and Lu-Shen Wan), as well as in the mushrooms Amanita citrina, Amanita porphyria and Amanita tomentella.