Private residential areas were later built in other areas of the planned city, including Saheed Nagar and Satya Nagar.
Unit I, popularly known as the Market Building, was formed to cater to the shopping needs of the new capital's residents.
The capital of the British-ruled Orissa Province was Cuttack, which was vulnerabile to floods and suffered from space constraints.
Because of this, on 30 September 1946, a proposal to move the capital to a new capital was introduced in the Legislative Assembly of the Orissa Province.
The planned city was designed in 1948 to house the capital.
It is a confluence of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain heritage boasting of some of the finest Kalingan temples.
With many 6th-13th century CE Hindu temples, which span the entire spectrum of Kalinga architecture, Bhubaneswar is often referred to as a "Temple City of India".
It is the largest city in Odisha and is a centre of economic and cultural importance in Eastern India.
Along with the old town, the region, historically was often depicted as Ekamra Khetra (Temple City).