However, the Czech part of Czechoslovakia was occupied by Germany in World War II, while the Slovak region became the Slovak Republic; Czechoslovakia was liberated in 1945 by the armies of the Soviet Union and the United States.The Czech country lost the majority of its German-speaking inhabitants after they were expelled following the war.
Their king Maroboduus is the first documented ruler of Bohemia.
Left: Venus of Dolní Věstonice is the oldest ceramic article in the world, dated to 29,000–25,000 BCERight: Distribution of Celtic peoples, showing expansion of the core territory in the Czech lands, which were inhabited by the Gallic tribe of Boii Archaeologists have found evidence of prehistoric human settlements in the area, dating back to the Paleolithic era.
The figurine Venus of Dolní Věstonice, together with a few others from nearby locations, found here is the oldest known ceramic article in the world.
During the Migration Period around the 5th century, many Germanic tribes moved westwards and southwards out of Central Europe.
Slavic people from the Black Sea–Carpathian region settled in the area (a movement that was also stimulated by the onslaught of peoples from Siberia and Eastern Europe: Huns, Avars, Bulgars and Magyars).